Gastritis or better known as heartburn derived from the Greek word, namely gastro, which means stomach or gastric and itis which means inflammation.Gastritis is not a single disease, but is formed of several conditions resulting in inflammation in the stomach. Generally, inflammation is the result of infection by bacteria that can cause ulcers in the stomach, namely Helicobacter pylori. However, other factors such as physical traumatic and the use of some types of painkillers continuously can also cause gastritis.
In some cases, gastritis may lead to ulcers and increases the risk of gastric cancer. But in many people, gastritis is not a serious disease and can be immediately improved with treatment. Although there are many conditions that cause gastritis, but the symptoms and signs of this disease are same.
Stinging or burning pain in the upper abdomen that may be better or worse when eating.
- Throw up
- Loss of appetite
- Feel full in the upper abdomen after eating
- Loss of body weight
Gastritis that occurs suddenly (acute) usually have symptoms namely nausea and pain in the upper abdomen. While chronic gastritis that develops gradually, usually have mild symptoms such as pain in the upper abdomen and feel full or loss of appetite. For some people, chronic gastritis does not cause anything.Sometimes, gastritis can cause bleeding in the stomach, but this is rarely becomes severe unless there are gastric ulcers at the same time. Bleeding in the stomach can cause, vomiting blood or blood was found in stool which require immediate treatment. Because gastritis is one of many digestive diseases with symptoms similar to each other, causing the disease is easily regarded as other diseases such as:Also called as stomach flu, which usually occurs due to viral infection in the intestine.
The symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal cramps and nausea or vomiting, and the inability to digest foods. Symptoms of gastroenteritis are often lost within one day or two while in gastritis the symptoms continuously occur.The pain that feels like burning behind the breastbone and usually occurs after meals. This is because stomach acid go up and enter into esophagus (tube that connects the throat and stomach). Heartburn can also causing a sour taste in the mouth and foods is digested, back to the mouth.
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If the pain and heartburn continuous and severe, then it is likely caused by ulcers in the stomach. Stomach (peptic) ulcer or gastric ulcer is an open wound in the stomach. The most common symptom is pain that get worse at night or on an empty stomach. Gastritis and peptic ulcer have the same number of causes, especially infection by H. pylori.
Non ulcer dyspepsia is a functional disorder that is not related to specific diseases. The exact cause of this condition is unknown, but stress and eating too much fried foods, spicy or fatty foods allegedly lead to this condition. Symptoms include upper abdominal pain, bloating and nausea.
Stomach is a muscular sac that is empty, is located in the left upper abdomen just below the ribs. When the stomach is empty, it will fold like an accordion. When the stomach begins to be filled and expands, the folds are gradually opened.One of the components in gastric fluid is hydrochloric acid. This is very corrosive, so it can dissolve iron nails. Stomach wall is protected by the bicarbonate mucous (a buffer layer that secrete bicarbonate ions on a regular basis so that balanced the acidity in the stomach), to avoid the corrosive nature of hydrochloric acid.
Gastritis usually occurs when these protective mechanisms are overwhelmed resulting the stomach wall is damaged. Some of the causes which may result in gastritis, among others:
- Bacterial infection.
- The use of pain medication continuously.
- Excessive use of alcohol.
- The use of cocaine.
- Physical stress.
- Autoimmune disorders.
- Crohn’s disease.
- Radiation and chemotherapy.
- Bile reflux disease. Bile (gall) is a liquid that helps digest fats in the body.